A person with a BMI (body mass index) value of 40 or more is considered to be morbidly obese. They are significantly more overweight that someone with clinical obesity i.e. a BMI between 30 and 40.
Some people who are clinically obese are relatively healthy and not hugely overweight. They may only need to lose ten to fifteen pounds of excess weight to return to a more desirable weight.
However, individuals with morbid obesity are hugely overweight. They are carrying far too much excess weight to be considered as healthy individuals. They often need to lose a substantial proportion of their own body weight to return to a normal size.
Clinical obesity increases the risk of a whole range of serious health diseases from diabetes and heart disease to strokes and certain types of cancer. People with morbid obesity are even more at risk. The simple fact is that the more excess weight you carry, the greater your likelihood of developing serious health problems.
As well as the aforementioned diseases, morbid obesity also causes severe problems with the bones, joints and ligaments. The human body can only cope with so much strain. Trying to function with a massive amount of excess weight can quickly cause deterioration in the body's frame. This exacerbates the mobility problems than many morbidly obese people already face.
Trying to help someone with morbid obesity can be very difficult. The more overweight an individual is, the harder the road back to normality will be. In many cases, diet and exercise are no longer a realistic option. Although, it's far from ideal, weight reduction surgery can be the best, or perhaps the only, solution to the problem.
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