Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces no insulin. The condition is far less common than Type 2 diabetes, accounting for just 10% of all diabetes cases.
The main symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are frequent urination, a seemingly unquenchable thirst, and extreme tiredness. You may also experience involuntary weight loss as well as itchiness, skin infections, and a tingling sensation in your hands, feet or legs.
Type 1 diabetes develops when the pancreas stops producing sufficient levels of the hormone insulin. Insulin controls the flow of glucose in and out of the cells of the body. This lack of insulin allows the the blood sugar level to rise or fall to unhealthily levels which can cause a whole host of health problems.
Type 1 diabetes is predominantly treated with regular injections of insulin. These daily, or several times daily, injections will be required for the rest of the individual's life.
Treatment will also comprise a strict diet and exercise plan to help control the amount of insulin in the bloodstream so that glucose levels remain as normal as possible. Particular focus will be placed on trying to avoid low blood glucose attacks.
If Type 1 diabetes is managed in the right manner, it shouldn't pose too many further health issues. But complications can, and often do, arise. Possible issues include diabetic kidney disease, diabetes-related eye disease, degeneration of the nerves, hardening of the arteries, and a susceptibility to infections.
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