In the past, diabetes in children was almost always in the form of Type 1 diabetes. Caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, this condition affects approximately one in every five thousand children in the UK.
However, over the last twenty years, there has been a significant increase in the number of children developing Type 2 diabetes. Medical experts believe this is being caused the ever-increasing number of children who are becoming clinically obese. A lack of exercise combined with a poor diet is making our children fatter. And fatter children have a dramatically greater likelihood of developing Type 2 diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes in children are typically the same as those in adults. Frequent urination, unquenchable thirst, severe tiredness, and unexplained weight loss are the main warning sings to look out for.
However, diabetes in children can also cause headaches, tummy pains, and behavioral problems. Children with the onset of diabetes, particularly Type 1 diabetes, can become really quite unwell over a short period of time. If your child is experiencing any of the aforementioned symptoms, don't hesitate in taking them to your local GP. As simple blood glucose test can diagnose the condition.
Treatment of diabetes in children will usually be provided by your local hospital rather than your GP. The majority of children with diabetes will need regular insulin injections, with a fast-acting injection during the day and slow-acting injection at night. Treatment will also comprise a diet, exercise, and glucose management plan, with particular focus on trying to avoid low blood glucose attacks.
Diabetes in children can place real stain on parents and siblings. However, with the right knowledge and support, theres is no reason why you can't have a happy home life, and help bring up a healthy, well developed child.
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