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It's estimated that nearly three million people in the United Kingdom suffer from diabetes, with several hundred thousand of those unaware that they have the condition. These numbers are increasing year after year, placing a huge strain on the NHS. The condition can affect people of all ages, genders, and ethnic backgrounds.

Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body produces no insulin. This lack on insulin causes the body's blood sugar level to rise or fall to unhealthily levels which can cause a number of serious health problems. Further details on Type 1 of the disorder.

Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form of the disease, accounting for up to 80% of cases. The condition develops when not enough insulin is produced by the body, or when there is resistance to the action of insulin within the body's cells. Over two million people in the UK believed to have this disorder. More information on Type 2 of the condition.

Gestational diabetes
When diabetes occurs in pregnant women who haven't previously had the condition, this is known as gestational diabetes. The condition is surprisingly common with up to 5% of pregnant women developing the illness at some point during their pregnancy. More details on gestational diabetes.

Symptoms
The main symptoms of a diabetes are an increased rate of urination, an unquenchable thirst, and severe tiredness. Other symptoms include a lack of energy, involuntary wight loss, and a tingling sensation in the hands, legs and feet. More information on the possible symptoms of diabetes.

Test
The three main tests for diabetes used in the United Kingdom are the fasting plasma glucose(FPG)test, the oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT), and the random plasma glucose test. These will identify the presence of pre-diabetes as well as fully developed diabetes. Pre-diabetes is where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Further details on tests for the condition.

Treatment
Diabetes is treated by managing the symptoms of the condition, and minimising the risks of further serious issues. A carefully designed diet, exercise, lifestyle, and insulin injection program must be followed to prevent the diseases causing severe health problems. More details on what diabetes treatment.

Management
There is no cure for diabetes but a thorough management program can keep the condition under control. Although doctors and hospitals offer a great deal of advice and support, the responsibility for managing the condition lies with the individual. More information on the management of the disease.

Obesity
There is a strong link between diabetes and obesity, particularly Type 2 diabetes. Being significantly overweight dramatically increases your chances of developing the disease. As obesity rates continue to soar in the UK, it's no surprise to see huge rises in the number of people diagnosed with diabetes. Further information on the links between obesity and diabetes.

Warning signs
The warning signs of diabetes can be very obvious in some cases but barely noticeable in others. Symptoms will differ in severity fromperson to person. However, the important thing is to act on these signs as soon as you see them. Don't hesittae to make an appointment with your local doctor to have the symptoms checked out. More information on the possible warning signs of the condition.

Diagnosis
A diagnosis will be made by measuring the glucose levels in blood samples. Diagnosing Type 1 diabetes is usually more straightforward than Type 2 of strain, as the symptoms are typically very noticeable. Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes can take a long time to develop, meaning that people will often be diabetic for several months, before a diagnosis is made. More details on how the disease is diagnosed.

Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is the general condition caused by a deficiency or the reduced effectiveness of insulin in the body. The main types of the disease are Type 1, Type 2, Gestational, and Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young. Further details on diabetes mellitus.

Differences
The symptoms Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can be similar but the causes and treatment of the two conditions are quite different. Type 1 diabetics have a total lack of insulin, whereas Type 2 sufferers have either have too little insulin or their bodies cannot manage its insulin in the normal way. More details on differences between Type 1 and Type 2.

Children
Up until the last ten years or so, the vast majority if diabetes cases involing children were of Type 1. However, as the number of clinically obese children continues to rise so too does the number of kids developing Type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes in children are typically the same as those in adults i.e. frequent urination, unquenchable thirst, and severe tiredness. Children may also experience headaches, sore tummies, and behavioral problems. More information on the condition in children.



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