The treatment of ulcerative colitis will involve medication as well as dietary and lifestyle changes. The condition cannot be cured, or even prevented, but it can be effectively managed.
The three main types of medication use to treat ulcerative colitis are corticosteroids, aminosalicylates, and immunosuppressants. Your doctor will assess which drug is most suited to the nature of your condition. However, sometimes, finding the most effective medication will be a case of trail and error.
Corticosteroids and aminosalicylates are the most commonly used medicines. These anti-inflammatory drugs can help address mild to moderate colitis symptoms. They can be administered in tablet, enema or suppository form depending of the extensiveness of your condition. Immunosuppressants will be prescribed in cases with very severe symptoms that were cannot be controlled by other types of medication.
Although there is no direct link between diet and lifestyle, and ulcerative colitis, the right choices can help reduce the symptoms of the condition. Colitis is essentially inflammation around the colon, so anything that reduces inflammation in the body can but help.
Ulcerative colitis can be helped by following the same general guidelines that we should all adopt. A healthy, balanced diet, regular exercise, no smoking, and not too much alcohol can be the key to a healthy body. The only difference in terms of a diet for ulcerative colitis is fibre. A distinction is made between foods with insoluble and soluble fibre. Insoluble fibre can irritate the colon and should be avoided. Whereas soluble fibres are easily digested by the body, and can help keep your colon in optimum condition.
Although ulcerative colitis can usually be controlled through medication, surgery may sometimes be required. If the inflammation of the colon is so severe that further serious issues look likely, your doctor may recommend a colitis operation.
Ulcerative colitis surgery involves removing the colon completely. The small bowel is redirected to enable the body to get rid of waste products. This is carried out by either joining the end of the small bowel to your anus, or by creating a pouch at the end of the small bowel to replace the colon.
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