Medication cannot cure ulcerative colitis but it can alleviate the symptoms of the condition, as well as preventing future flare-ups. A number of are drugs are prescribed by doctors to treat colitis. Normally just one medicine is used, but some colitis patients may be given a combination of drugs.
One of the most common forms of colitis medication are corticosteroids. These drugs can greatly reduce inflammation in the body, thereby easing the main symptoms of colitis. The medication will be prescribed in enemas or suppositories for mild to moderate symptoms in the rectum. Tablets will be used in cases where the condition is more extensive. Injections of corticosteroids may be given to address very severe symptoms.
Another form of ulcerative colitis medication are aminosalicylates. Again, these are a form of anti-inflammatory drugs that can be taken in tablet, enema or suppository form. Two of the most commonly used aminosalicylates are mesalazine and sulphasalazine.
Occasionally, immunosuppressants will be prescribed to treat ulcerative colitis. These are typically used in cases with very severe symptoms of colitis that were not sufficiently controlled by corticosteroids.
Your doctor will prescribe the type of medication that he believes will most effectively address your colitis symptoms. In some instances, it may be a case of trial and error, before identifying the medication that works best for you.
Although, medication is an important aspect of the treatment for ulcerative colitis, it should only form one part of a wider management program. Diet, exercise, and lifestyle choices, such as stopping smoking, can also help reduce the likelihood of colitis flare-ups.
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