Egg donation fertility treatment is essentially the same as normal IVF but with a donor egg being used instead of your own. The treatment process may vary a little from clinic to clinic, but in general will comprise the following stages:
- before IVF egg donation actually begins, the recipient couple will be tested for infectious diseases such as HIV, syphilis, CMV and chlamydia.
- an egg donor is then chosen to match the recipient's characteristics such as ethnicity, physicality, and so on.
- medication is then prescribed to both the egg donor and the recipient to synchronize their menstrual cycles.
- the recipient will also be given hormone replacement therapy to encourage her body to imitate the natural ovulation cycle, and therefore prepare her uterus for the embryo transfer.
- when the recipient's body is sufficiently ready, the donor will be given hormones to encourage her ovaries to produce several eggs at a time, otherwise known as donor stimulation.
- the recipientís partner will then provide the clinic with sperm for the insemination process. If frozen sperm is to be used, it will be thawed and prepared for insemination.
- the donor's eggs will then be collected by inserting a thin needle through her vagina into each ovary.
- the collected eggs will then be fertilised with the partners sperm in the laboratory through the process of ICSI.
- the secreted embryos will then be transferred into the uterus of the receipt using a catheter.
- approximately twelve days after the embryo transfer, a pregnancy test will be given.
IVF with egg donation is an increasingly popular procedure in the UK. Success rates are improving year after year, with the chances of a positive outcome now in the region of of 45% to 50%.
What does egg donation with IVF actually involve?