There are two main types of artificial insemination procedure: AIH and AID. AID, or Artificial Insemination by Donor, is where donor sperm is used to insert into the female's uterus. AIH, or Artificial Insemination by Husband, on other hand, is where the sperm used is that of the woman's partner.
Using the husband's sperm is obviously preferable, and many couples have successful treatment through this method. There are now a number of home kits to enable the couple to perform the procedure in a more relaxing environment. It also reduces the number of trips to the fertility clinic which of course saves money.
Artificial insemination by husband is ideal in cases where men have normal sperm but suffer from impotence, premature ejaculation or abnormalities of the penis. The procedure allows men to produce a sperm sample by masturbation which can then by inserted in the woman's uterus.
However, in a number of cases, artificial insemination by husband is not a good solution to infertility. Where the male partner has a low sperm count or poor motility (ability to move properly towards the egg), AIH is unlikely to produce a positive result. The treatment also has poor success rates where the presence of a cervical mucus is inhibiting conception.
It can be a very difficult decision to move from AIH to AID. Using donor sperm will change the biological make-up of any resulting baby, and sadly the husband or male partner with not be the baby's real father. However, being a father is about so much more than providing the sperm. A life long commitment is worth vastly more than the presence of biological link.
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