The fertility treatment artificial insemination is where sperm is injected directly into the womb. The technique is used are where there is a problem with the man’s sperm, the woman has mild endometriosis, or where there is no obvious reason why the couple cannot conceive.
There are many techniques used in artificial insemination but intrauterine insemination (IUI) is by far the most common in the UK. The IUI procedure involves the man producing a sperm sample which is then washed and filtered to ensure that only the highest quality sperm is used. The selected sperm is than passed into the womb through a catheter. The procedure generally takes no longer than a couple of minutes, and there is little pain or discomfort. The treatment is usually performed in fertility clinics but a number of home kits are now available. More details about intrauterine insemination at home.
The are two main types of insemination treatment available. The first is called Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH) and is where the male partner's sperm is used to fertilise the egg. More details on AIH treatment. The second type of treatment is called artificial insemination by Donor (AID) and, as the name suggests, is where donor sperm is used. More details on the AID procedure.
Success rates of IUI depend on the procedures used and the couple's particular fertility problem. But on average, the treatment proves successful in 10-15% of cases. More information about IUI success rates.
There are very few risks or side effects of intrauterine insemination. Some women may experience cramping during or immediately after the procedure but many feel no ill-effects at all. More details on what to expect after artificial insemination.
An intrauterine insemination pregnancy will be no different to a normal pregnancy achieved through sexual intercourse. You will experience, or perhaps endure, the same conditions and complaints that women with natural pregnancies are faced with. More details about IUI pregnancies.
The success rates of artificial insemination depend on the procedures used and the couple's particular fertility problem. But on average, the treatment proves successful in 10-15% of cases. More information about IUI success rates.
Artificial insemination is available on the NHS with six cycles of IUI treatment free of charge. The treatment is available provided the man's sperm count is abnormal or the couple have unexplained fertility problems. The treatment is also widely available in private clinics throughout the UK. More details on IUI clinics.
The cost of artificial insemination can vary from clinic to clinic but expect to pay no more than £1,000 for each cycle of treatment. Indeed, many clinics charge as little as £500 per cycle. This is because compared to similar fertility treatments such as IVF, artificial insemination is a relatively straightforward procedure. More information about intrauterine insemination cost.
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